Empuries

The city of Empuries was, on the Classical Antiquity, the entrance door of the Greek and Roman cultures to the Iberian peninsula. It’s this name, and the importance that it also had during the Middle Ages, what has named the area as Emporda.
It’s the only archaeological site in with both Greek remains, the old Emporion colony (which means „market“), and a Roman city, founded on the I century b.C. on the structures of a Roman military camp.

The site, partially excavated, can be divided into four parts, corresponding to successive occupations:

1- The first Greek foundation, placed in a peninsula, and called Palaiapolis (old city) and which served as a commercial harbour. It almost hasn’t been excavated because, since the Middle Ages and up until today, it’s been inhabited. Nowadays, it’s the site of the village of Sant Marti d’Empuries.
2- The Greek city on solid ground, near the sea, called Neapolis (new city) and founded on the VI century b.C., it contains the most representative buildings of the city.
3- The Roman city, on the eastern side of the Neapolis, founded on the year 100 b.C. on an old military camp. There was a big walled forum (place), with several temples and shops, and public baths.
4- The remains of a small Iberian village from the Indigets, though until today it hasn’t been archaeologically located.
The visit to the ground involves an itinerary around various parts of the archaeological site, halfway of which you will find the Museum of the excavations of Empuries, where they keep some of the findings, as well as a room devoted to Asclepius, god of medicine and the patron of the city of Empuries.

The visit is on your own and it costs 3 euros (2,10 for pensioners, people under 18 years old and students, free for people younger than 16 and older than 65). The visit is free for everyone on the last Sunday of each month, April 23rd, May 18th and on September 2nd and 11th.

http://www.mac.cat/eng/Branches/Empuries
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emp%C3%BAries

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